This series includes almost all of the 2750 original entries - many heavily updated - as well as approximately 600 (1.2M words) entirely new articles. An international team of scholars and contributors have reviewed, revised and added to every word of a classic work to make it relevant to the questions and interests of readers, whether students, specialists, or laypersons.
Explores the history of human reflection and research on the meaning of the Old and New Testaments. This work on the theory and practice of biblical interpretation explores the history of reflection, research, and commentary on Scripture by: reviewing the lives and ideas of those who have made significant contributions to biblical interpretation, exploring the history of interpretation of the various biblical writings, including apocryphal and deuterocanonical works, and examining methods and movements that have informed the reading of Scripture, from the first century to the present day.
With contributions from 100 distinguished scholars, this volume offers critical synthesis of current knowledge about the Dead Sea Scrolls--and their historical, archaeological, linguistic, and religious contexts.
Tracing the growth of the church from its tiny beginnings in an upper room to its dominance of Europe, western Asia, and northern Africa in the eighth century, scholars from many disciplines produced articles ranging from a few sentences to ten thousand words on all the major and most of the minor people, works, ideas, and issues of the formative period of Christianity. The first major encyclopedia to cover the life, thought, and growth of Christianity, this work offers full treatment of doctrines, creeds, and heresies, of iconography and art history, of archaeology and geography, and of monasticism and asceticism.
Captures a sense of the great diversity of opinion that swirls about under the heading of Christian thought. Readers will find lengthy survey articles on national and regional traditions, and on various denominations, from Anglican to Unitarian with coverage of Eastern thought as well, examining the Christian tradition in China, Japan, India, and Africa.
Analyzes the archaeological and linguistic data that pertain to the broad cultural milieu of the ancient Near East, the crossroads of three of the world's most influential religions--Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. It includes 1,125 entries on sites, languages, material culture, archaeological methods, organizations and institutions, and major excavators and scholars of the field.