Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Title of the website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL. Date of access (if applicable).
Example - Entire website:
Learning Commons. College of DuPage, 2021, cod.edu/academics/learning_commons/. Accessed 8 Aug. 2021.
Example - Article on a website:
White, Lori. “The Newest Fad in People Helping People: Little Free Pantries.” Upworthy, Cloud Tiger Media, 3 Aug. 2016,
“Giant Panda.” Smithsonian National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institute, nationalzoo.si.edu/animals/giantpandas/pandafacts.
MLA Handbook 9th Edition Update:
If a URL runs more than three full lines or is longer than the rest of the entry, shorten (also called truncation) it. When shortening the URL, always retain at least the host. Avoid citing URLs produced by shortening services such as bit.ly. See instructions below:
Image copied from the MLA website
Example of a Truncated URL:
URL without the protocol and //:
Artist's Last name, First name. Title of work of art. Date of composition, Museum or institution where art is located, City of institution. Title of Book or Website, by Editor(s), page number.
Art Image Viewed in a Book:
Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV. 1800, Museo del Prado, Madrid. Gardener's Art Through the Ages, 10th ed., by Richard G. Tansey and Fred S. Kleiner, Harcourt Brace, p. 939.
Art Image Viewed Online
Lee, Jin. Wave 1. 2007. College of DuPage Permanent Art Collection, www.cod.edu/art_collection/art_ph_Lee.htm.
Art Image Viewed Online
Thomas, Mickalene. Din, Une Tres Belle Negresse 2. 2012, Larry Qualls Archive: Contemporary Art. ARTstor, https://library.artstor.org/#/asset/AWSS35953_35953_35444193.
Title of Film. Directed by First and Last Name. Film Studio or Distributor, Release Year, Website or Database Name, URL or permalink (if applicable).
A Movie Viewed in Person
A Girl Walks Home Alone at Night. Directed by Ana Lily Amirpour, VICE Films, 2014.
Streaming Film from a Database
The Lost World. Directed by Harry O. Hoyt, produced by David Shepard, Flicker Alley, 1925. Academic Video Online, https://video.alexanderstreet.com/watch/the-lost-world.
Streaming Episode from a Series on Netflix
"Walking Distance." The Twilight Zone, directed by Robert Stevens, season 1, episode 5, CBS, 30 Oct. 1959. Netflix, www.netflix.com/title/70172488.
A Video Viewed on YouTube
"How to Argue - Philosophical Reasoning: Crash Course Philosophy #2." YouTube, uploaded by CrashCourse, 16 Feb. 2016, www.youtube.com/watch?v=NKEhdsnKKHs.
Gaillard, Slim, et al. "Opera In Vout (Groove Juice Symphony)." The Complete Jazz At The Philharmonic On Verve, 1944-1949, Universal Classics & Jazz, 1998. Music Online: Jazz Music Library, cod.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.alexanderstreet.com/view/work/700156.
Koenig, Sarah, "The Deal with Jay." Serial, season 1, episode 5, serialpodcast.org/season-one/8/the-deal-with-jay. Accessed 9 Aug. 2016.
Author's Last name, First name. "Tweet." Twitter, date (e.g., 22 Jan. 2012), URL.
Example of a Tweet:
@tombrokaw. “SC demonstrated why all the debates are the engines of this campaign.” Twitter, 22 Jan. 2012, twitter.com/tombrokaw/status/160996868971704320.
Tip: If the author's online handle differs from the author's Twitter account name place the author's handle in square brackets after the author's name.
Fogarty, Mignon [@grammarGirl]. "Every once in a while, that Gmail notice asking if you meant to reply to a 5-day-old message is quite helpful." Twitter, 13 Feb. 2019, twitter.com/GrammarGirl/status/1095734401550303232.