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MLA: Special Citations

Citing Short Story Criticism

Article in a database from an edited work


Last Name, First Name. “Title of Part.” Title of Container 1, edited by First Name Last Name, vol. #, Publisher, Date. Title of Container  2/Name of Database, URL. [Add originally published information if necessary].


Kryhoski, Laura. “Critical Essay on ‘The Red Convertible’.” Short Stories for Students, edited by Jennifer Smith, vol. 14, Gale, 2002. Gale Literature Resource Center,

Shabkhez, Hibah, et al. "The Dynamic of Money and Marriage in Guy de Maupassant’s The Necklace and O’Henry’s The Gift of the Magi." Short Story Criticism, edited by Rebecca Parks, vol. 274, Gale, 2019. Gale Literature Resource Center, Originally published in Young Scholars’ Developments in Linguistics, edited by Tatiana V. Dubrovskaya and Yulia A. Lobina, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015, pp. 108-14.

Personal communications

Interview (unpublished):
Last Name, First name (of person interviewed). Interview. By First Name Last Name, Date.

Ertz, Jason. Interview. By William Jones, 22 Sept. 2021.

Last Name, First Name. “If short and untitled, type out the full text of the Facebook post.” Facebook, Date, Time, URL.

Hoekstra, Joel. “Thrilled to be in this month’s Guitar Techniques magazine with a 12 page lesson!! GT’s Jason Sidwell provided a backup track for me to write an instrumental to and then I teach what I came up with.” Facebook, 23 Sept. 2021, 9:54 a.m.,

Industry, Company, & Financial Reports

Mintel Report:

Analyst’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Report.” Database, Date, URL.

Bonnet, Mimi. “Ice Cream and Frozen Novelties - US - May 2019.” Mintel, May 2019,

IBISWorld Report:
Last Name, First Name. “Title of Report.” Database, Date, URL.

Moses, Jeremy. “Wireless Telecommunications Carriers in the US: Industry Report 51721.” IBISWorld, July 2021,

Financial Statement from
“Name of Company: Form #.” United States Securities and Exchange Commission, Date, URL.

“Apple Inc.: Form 10-K.” United States Securities and Exchange Commission, 26 Sept. 2020,

Company Annual Report:
Name of Company Date Annual Report. Company, Date, URL.

Yum! Brands 2020 Annual Report. Yum! Brands, 2020,

ChatGPT, other language models


Author, do not treat AI tool as an author - SKIP. “Title of source - describe what was generated by the AI tool - the prompt you gave it”. Title of container - name of AI tool, Version, Publisher, Date content was generated, URL.


“Describe the symbolism of the green light in the book The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald” prompt. ChatGPT, 13 Feb. version, OpenAI, 8 Mar. 2023,

In-text Citation:

(“Describe the symbolism”)

Example - Citing Creative Visual WorksDid you ask DALL-E to create a visual piece?

“Pointillist painting of a sheep in a sunny field of blue flowers” prompt, DALL-E, version 2, OpenAI, 8 Mar. 2023,

Example - Quoting Creative Textual Works: Did you ask the AI tool to create a poem, or story?

“Upon the shore . . .” Shakespearean sonnet about seeing the ocean. ChatGPT, 13 Feb. version, OpenAI, 8 Mar. 2023,

Did the AI tool cite its sources within the answer it gave you after your prompt?  If so, follow the links to the source and cite the source itself and not the AI tool.

(MLA Style Center, 2023) for more information

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