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Sociology: Reference Materials

Reference Materials

Why Reference Sources?

Is your research topic too big to cover in a short paper?  Is your topic so specific that sources will be hard to find?

Before you even begin your research, start the process with reference sources-- in the Library's Reference Section or online in our databases.  Reference books, like subject encyclopedias, can give you a head start and make your research easier in the long run.  Use reference sources to:

  • find a topic
  • narrow your topic
  • find keywords
  • get background information on your topic

See also the section on Theories and Concepts

Collections of Many Online Reference Books in one place:

Credo Reference     and    Gale eBooks / Gale Virtual Reference Library   and   Salem Press

Oxford Reference and Sage Knowledge Reference also have thousands of scholarly, academic articles, but they are a bit more difficult to use.   Click here to find instructions on how to use these collections of reference books.

Allsides Red Blue Dictionary

American Countercultures: An Encyclopedia of Nonconformists, Alternative Lifestyles.  Reference HM 647 .A 44 2009

American Multicultural Identity:  Critical Insights to Literature

The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology. Reference HM 425 .B 53 2007.

Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology. Reference HM 425 .C36 2006

Cassells's Peoples, Nations, and Cultures

The Complete Encyclopedia of Signs & Symbols : Identification and Analysis of the Visual Vocabulary that Formulates our Thoughts and Dictates our Reactions to the World around Us.  Reference AZ 108 .C 65 2011

Concise Encyclopedia of Comparative Sociology

Cultural Encounters:  Critical Insights to Literature

Dictionary of Alternatives:  Utopianism and Organization

Dictionary of Gestures:  Expressive Comportments and Movements in Use Around the World.  General   P 117 .C 713 2018

Encyclopaedia Britannica Online.

Encyclopedia of American Social Movements.  Reference  HN 57 .E 594 2004

Encyclopedia of Community: From the Village to the Virtual World

Encyclopedia of Consumer Culture.  Reference  HC 79 .C 6 E 53 2011

Encyclopedia of Death and the Human Experience   Reference  HQ 1073 .E544 2009

Encyclopedia of Global Studies 

Encyclopedia of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations.  Reference  HM 716 .E 53 2010

Encyclopedia of Human Relationships

Encyclopedia of Life Writing: Autobiographical and Biographical Forms

Encyclopedia of Power. 

Encyclopedia of Rural America: The Land and People.  Reference  E 169.12 .E 5 1997

Encyclopedia of Social Networks.

Encyclopedia of Sociology.   Reference HM 17 .E5 2000

Encyclopedia of the Social and Solidarity Economy.

The Ethnic Handbook: A Guide to the Cultures and Traditions of Chicago's Diverse Communities.  General F 548.9 .A 1 E 87 1996.

Etiquette and Taboos around the World : A Geographic Encyclopedia of Social and Cultural Customs.

Explaining Human Culture, an encyclopedia from HRAF:  The Human Relations Area Files

The Global Encyclopedia of Informality:  Volume 2, Understanding of Social and Cultural Complexity

International Encyclopedia of Adolescence.  Reference HQ 796 .I 58 2007

International Encyclopedia of Language and Social Interaction

Keywords in American Cultural Studies.

The New Blackwell Companion to Sociology.  Reference H 61 .B4773 2009

Outbreak! The Encyclopedia of Extraordinary Social Behavior.  Reference HM 866 .E 93 2009

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History.  Reference HN 57 .O 94 2012

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Intergroup Communication

Principles of Sociology:  Group Relationships and Behavior.  Reference HM 716 .P 756 2018

Principles of Sociology:  Personal Relationships and Behavior.  Reference HM 1106 .P 756 2018

Principles of Sociology:  Societal Issues and Behavior.   Reference  HN 18.3 .P 756 2018

Sage Dictionary of Leisure Studies

Sage Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood Studies

Sage Encyclopedia of Intercultural Competence.

The Social Science Encyclopedia.  Reference H 41. S63 2004

Sociology Basics. 2 vols. Reference HM 425.S63 2000

Statistical Abstract of the United States.  Latest edition on Ready Reference, older editions at General HA 202 .U 5 S 93.

Twentieth - Century American Cultural Theorists.  Reference  PN 451 .D 5 v.246 2001

21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook.

Urban Dictionary.

Violence in American Society:  An Encyclopedia  of Trends, Problems, and Perspectives

We did What? Offensive and Inappropriate Behavior in American History.

Youth Cultures in America: An Encyclopedia

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