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Archaeology: Home

Archaeology is taught within the Anthropology program.


This guide will list some of the resources available at the COD Library that you can use to find information when doing research on Archaeology i topics.  A list of various topics can be found below.

What is Archaeology?

COD Anthropology Academic Program

COD Archaeological and Bioarchaeological Field School

COD Counseling Help

Over on the right are some other research tools that you can use to find information.

Be sure to ask for help at the Reference desks if you have questions or problems.

College Success Skills

Ancient Civlizations - Reference Works

Why Reference Sources?

Is your research topic too big to cover in a short paper?  Is your topic so specific that sources will be hard to find?

Before you even begin your research, start the process with reference sources-- in the Library's Reference Section or online in our databases.  Reference books, like subject encyclopedias, can give you a head start and make your research easier in the long run.  Use reference sources to:

  • find a topic
  • narrow your topic
  • find keywords
  • get background information on your topic

Ancient Astronomy : An Encyclopedia of Cosmologies and Myth. Ref. QB16 .R 84 2005
Ancient Europe 8000 B.C.--A.D. 1000 : Encyclopedia of the Barbarian World. Reference D 62 .A 52 2004
Ancient Man: A Handbook of Puzzling Artifacts. General GN 741 .A 52 1978
Atlas of Ancient Archaeology. General GN 739 .H 38 1974
Atlas of Classical History. Reference G 1033 .G 65 1994
Atlas of the Ancient Near East.
Atlas of the Ancient World. General G 1033 .O 5 1992

Borders and Frontiers in Ancient History
The Classical Tradition (an encyclopedia).
Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology. Reference BL1060 .L 44 1991
Dictionary of Classical Mythology. Reference BL 715 .G 713 1986

Encyclopedia of Ancient Christianity

Encyclopedia of Ancient Literature.

Encyclopedia of Invasions and Conquests from Ancient Times to the Present.

Encyclopedia of the Ancient Near East.  Reference  DS 57 .A 677 2000
Encyclopedia of the Ancient World. Reference CB 311 .E 54 2002

Encyclopedia of Warrior Peoples and Fighting Groups.
Encyclopedia of Women in the Ancient World.
Imperial China: 627 - 1644. Reference DS 749.3 .I 46 2003
The Oxford Classical Dictionary. Reference DE 5 .O 9 2012
The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization. Reference DE 5 .O 94 2014
The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity
Science in the Ancient World: An Encyclopedia.  Reference  Q 124.95 .L 39 2004

Smithsonian Timelines of the Ancient World.   General  D 54.5 .S 65 1993
Sports and Games of the Ancients. General GV 17 .C 73 2002

Wars in the Ancient World (Prehistory to 600 C.E.)
West African Kingdoms: 500 - 1590. Reference DT 476 .W 48 2004

Ancient Civilizations - Byzantine Empire

Byzantine Empire background reading                                                                                                                           BYZANTINE EMPIRE

The Byzantine Empire:  A Historical Encyclopedia

Cultural Encyclopedia of Lost Cities and Civilizations
Daily Life in the Byzantine Empire. General DF 521 .R 37 2006
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium
Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Reference DF 521 .O 93 1991
List of COD Library books on the Byzantine Empire

Ancient Civlizations - Egypt

Ancient Egypt background reading

Ancient Egyptian Social Networks

Egyptian Culture as African Culture background reading

Artifacts from Ancient Egypt
Cultural Atlas of Ancient Egypt. Reference DT 60 .B 34 2000

Daily Life of the Ancient Egyptians.  General  DT 61 .B 685 2008

Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt
Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt. Reference DT 58 .E 53 1999
Handbook to Life in Ancient Egypt. General DT 83 .D 23 1998
The Nile: An Encyclopedia of Geography and Culture.
Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. Reference DT 58 .O 94 2001
Voices of Ancient Egypt : Contemporary Accounts of Daily Life. General DT 61 .V 65 2014

List of COD Library books on Ancient Egypt

Ancient Civilizations - Greece

Ancient Greece background reading

Ancient Greece and Alcohol background reading

Ancient Greek Social Networks background reading

A to Z of Ancient Greek and Roman Women.  Reference  HQ 1136 .L 54 2008
Ancient Greece and Rome: An Encyclopedia. Reference DE 5 .A 57 1998
Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Atlas Stand G 1033 .B 3 2000

A Chronology of Ancient Greece
Conflict in Ancient Greece and Rome: The Definitive Political, Military and Social Encyclopedia.
Daily Life in the Hellenistic Age. General  DE71 .E 98 2012
Daily Life of the Ancient Greeks.   General  DE 78 .G 276 2009
Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece. Reference DF 16 .E 52 2006

Encyclopedia of the Ancient Greek World
Greek and Roman Dress from A to Z..  Reference  GT 550 .C 43 2007. 

Greek and Roman Sport : A Dictionary of Athletes and Events from the Eighth Century B.C. to the Third Century A.D. General GV 17 .M 38 1991
Handbook to Life in Ancient Greece. General DF 77 .A 35 1997
Who's Who in Greek and Roman Mythology. General BL 715 .K 7 1976

World of Ancient Greece:  A Daily Life Encyclopedia

List of COD Library  books on Ancient Greece

Ancient Civilizations - Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia background reading
Ancient Mesopotamia: 3300-331 B.C.E. Reference DS 69.5 .W 35 2005
The Ancient Near East: An Encyclopedia for Students. Reference DS 57 .A 677 2000
Cultural Atlas of Mesopotamia and the Ancient Near East. Reference DS 69.5 .R 63 1990

Cultural Encyclopedia of Lost Cities and Civilizations
Daily Life in Ancient Mesopotamia. General DS 69.5 .N 4 1998
Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology. Reference BL 1060 .L 44 1991

Gods, Demons, and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia:  An Illustrated Dictionary.   Reference  BL 2350 .I 7 B 57 1992b
Handbook to Life in Ancient Mesopotamia. General DS 69.5 .B 47 2002
Historical Atlas of Ancient Mesopotamia. General G 2251 .S 1 B 3 2004

Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia.

List of COD  Library books on  Mesopotamia

Biblical Archaeology

What is Biblical Archaeology?
Archaeology and Religion background reading
Archaeology in the Middle East background reading.
The Biblical Archaeology Society


Print atlases can be found at the BS 630 [Bible Studies] and the G 2230 call number areas in both the Reference and General circulating collections.
.....Atlas of Holy Places and Sacred Sites. Reference BL 580 .W 55 1996

.....Atlas of Jordan:  History, Territories, Society
.....Atlas of the Bible.
.....Cultural Atlas of Ancient Egypt. Reference DT 60 .B 34 2000
.....Historical Atlas of Jerusalem. General DS 109.9 .B 455 2002
.....Historical Atlas of the Middle East. General G 2206 .S 1 F 7 1993


A to Z of Ancient Israel

Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land. Reference DS 111 .A 2 A 73 2001
Daily Life in Biblical Times. General DS 425 .A 953 1965
Digging through the Bible : Understanding Biblical People, Places, and Controversies through Archaeology. General BS 621 .F 736 2009
Encyclopedia of Ancient Christianity. Reference BR 66.5 .D 5813 2014

Encyclopedia of Bible Life.   General  BS 440 .M 5 1944
Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt. Reference DT 58 .E 53 1999
Encyclopedia of Religion. Reference BL 31 .E 46 2005
Encyclopedia of Sacred Places. Reference BL 580 .B 76 2011
The Holy Land : An Oxford Archaeological Guide : From Earliest Times to 1700. General DS 111 .M 8 1998
The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land. General DS 111.A 2 E 5813 1993
The New International Dictionary of Biblical Archaeology. Reference BS 622 .N 48 1983
The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East. Reference DS 56 .O 9 1997
The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology.

Sacred Sites in Ancient History

The Ultimate Bible Dictionary:  A Quick and Concise Guide to the People, Places, Objects and Events in the Bible

Czech Republic / Central Europe

An Atlas for Celtic Studies:  Archaeology and Names in Ancient Europe.   Reference  G 5701 .E 27 2012 .A 85

Archaeological Atlas of Prehistoric Europe.  Reference  G 1781 .E 1 A 73 2007

Archaeology of Prague and the Medieval Czech Lands, 1100 -  1600..   Circulation Desk  DB 2621 .K 55 2016 

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Hunters and GatherersGeneral  GN 388 .C 35 1999

Carpathian Rus':  A Historical Atlas.   General  G 6966 .S 1 M 34 2017

Central Europe in the High Middle Ages:  Bohemia, Hungary and Poland, 900 - 1300.  General  DAW 1046 .B 47 2013

Connecting Elites and Regions:  Perspectives on Contacts, Relations and Differentiation during the Early Iron Age Hallstatt C Period in Northwest and Central Europe.  General  GN 780.2 .H 3 C 66 2017

Culture and Change in Central European Prehistory:  6th to 1st Millennium B.C.  General  DAW 1046 .V 36 2007

Encyclopedia of Prehistory.  Reference  GN 710 .E 53 2001

Hallstatt 7000.   General  GN 780.2 .H 3 K 4762013

Historical Atlas of Central Europe.   Reference DJK 11 .M 23 2002

List of books on Czech archaeology at the  COD Library.

“Central European Metal Vessels.” Acta Archaeologica 2011, 82 (1): 188–91.

Fernández-Götz, Manuel, and Ian Ralston.  “The Complexity and Fragility of Early Iron Age Urbanism in West-Central Temperate Europe.” Journal of World Prehistory  2017, 30 (3): 259–79.

Gromer, Karina, and Konstantina Salari.  “Dressing Central European Prehistory -- the Sheep’s Contribution An Interdisciplinary Study about Archaeological Textile Finds and Archaeozoology.” Annalen Des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 2018, no. 120A (January): 127–56.

Hammer, Sabine E., Barbara Tautscher, Erich Pucher, Kerstin Kowarik, Hans Reschreiter, Anton Kern, and Elisabeth Haring. “Bronze Age Meat Industry: Ancient Mitochondrial DNA Analyses of Pig Bones from the Prehistoric Salt Mines of Hallstatt (Austria).” BMC Research Notes 11, no. 1 (April 13, 2018)

Heiss, Andreas G., Jakobitsch, Thorsten, Wiesinger, Silvia, & Trebsche, Peter.  "Dig out, Dig in! Plant-based diet at the Late Bronze Age copper production site of Prigglitz-Gasteil (Lower Austria) and the relevance of processed foodstuffs for the supply of Alpine Bronze Age miners." PLoS One, 2021, Vol.16 (3).

Kysely, René. 2018. “Meat Offerings in Graves of the Hallstatt Period in Bohemia (Czech Republic): An Archaeozoological Comparison.” Annalen Des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, no. 120A (January): 245–80.

"Mining and Europe’s World Heritage Cultural Landscapes."  Resources,  2021, Vol. 10(2)

Rageot, M., Mötsch, A., Schorer, B., Gutekunst, A., Patrizi, G., Zerrer, M., Cafisso, S., Fries-Knoblach, J., Hansen, L., Tarpini, R., Krausse, D., Hoppe, T., Stockhammer, P. W., & Spiteri, C.  "The dynamics of Early Celtic consumption practices: A case study of the pottery from the Heuneburg. PLoS One, 2019, Vol.14 (10).

Šálková, T., Chvojka, O., Hlásek, D., Jiřík, J., Jan, J., Novák, J., Kovačiková, L., & Beneš, J.  "Crops along the trade routes? Archaeobotany of the Bronze Age in the region of South Bohemia (Czech Republic) in context with longer distance trade and exchange networks." Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences,  2019, 11(10), pages 5569-5590.

Medieval / Middle Ages / Celts / Vikings

The Society for Medieval Archaeology
Medieval Archaeology background reading
List of books on daily life during the Medieval period.
List of books at the COD Library on Celtic culture.
List of books at the COD Library on Vikings.

All Things Medieval: An Encyclopedia of the Medieval World.
An Atlas for Celtic Studies : Archaeology and Names in Ancient Europe and Early Medieval Ireland, Britain, and Brittany. Reference CB 206 .K 634 2007
An Atlas of Anglo-Saxon England. General G 1816 .S 2 1981
Artifacts from Medieval Europe. General D 125 .T 73 2015
Atlas of Medieval Europe. Reference G 1791 .M 2 2007
Atlas of the Medieval World. Reference D 117 .M 35 2004
Atlas of the Year 1000. General G 1034 .M 15 1999
The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Reference DA 152 .B 58 1999
Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia. Reference CB 206 .C 45 2006
Cultural Atlas of the Viking World. Reference DL 65 .C 84 1994
Daily Life in Arthurian Britain. General DA 152.2 .S 528 2013
Daily Life in Medieval Europe. General D119 .S 55 1999
Daily Life in the Medieval Islamic World. General DS 36.855 .L 564 2005
Daily Life in the Ottoman Empire. General DR 432 .K 43 2011
Daily Life in the World of Charlemagne. General DC 33.2 .R 5413 1978
Daily Life of the Vikings. General DL 65 .W 65 2004
Dictionary of the Middle Ages.  Reference D 114 .D 5 1982
Early Peoples of Britain and Ireland.  Reference DA 135 .E 27 2008

Encyclopedia of Medieval Africa
Encyclopedia of Medieval Literature

Encyclopedia of Society and Culture in the Medieval World

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages.   Reference D 114 .E 63 2000

Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire

Encyclopaedia of the Viking Age. Reference DL 65 .H 39 2000
Encyclopedia of Celtic Mythology and Folklore. Reference BL 900 .M 66 2004
The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Global Medieval Life and Culture

Handbook to Life in the Medieval World

Historical Dictionary of Late Medieval England, 1272 - 1485

Historical Dictionary of Medieval Russia.   General  DK 71 .L 32 2002

The Late Medieval Age of Crisis and Renewal, 1300 - 1500:  A Biographical Dictionary
Medieval Archaeology journal. Volumes 1-50 available free online.
Medieval Archaeology: An Encyclopedia. Reference D 125 .M 42 2001
Medieval England: An Encyclopedia. Reference DA 129 .M 43 1998
Medieval Europe, 814-1350. Reference D 102 .M 38 2002
Medieval France: An Encyclopedia. Reference DC 33.2 .M 44 1995
Medieval Germany: An Encyclopedia
Medieval Iberia: An Encyclopedia
Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia. Reference DS 36.85 .M 434 2006
Medieval Italy: An Encyclopedia. Reference DG 443 .M 43 2004
Medieval Jewish Civilization: An Encyclopedia. Reference DS 124 .M 386 2003

The Rise of the Medieval  World, 500 - 1300:  A Biographical Dictionary
Sports and Games of Medieval Cultures. General GV 1200 .W 55 2002


The Classic Period of Messoamerica background reading

Mesoamerican Civilization background  reading

The A - Z of Ancient Mesoamerica
Archaeology of Ancient Mexico and Central America: An Encyclopedia. Reference F 1218.6 .A 73 2001

Cultural Encyclopedia of Lost Cities and Civilizations
Daily Life in Peru under the Last Incas. General F 3429 .B 3843 D2 1962
Daily Life in the Incan Empire. General F 3429 .M 26 1996
Daily Life in the Mayan Civilization. General F 1435 .S 54 1996
Daily Life of the Aztecs. General F 1219.73 .C 355 2011

Encyclopedia of Ancient Mesoamerica.   General  F 1219 .B 932 1996
Encyclopedia of the Ancient Maya
Encyclopedia of the Incas

Handbook to Life in the Ancient Maya World

Handbook to Life in the Aztec World
Historical Dictionary of Mesoamerica
The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures. Reference F 1218.6 .O 95 2001

Warrenville / Northern Illinois Archaeology

Archaeology of Prehistoric Native America:  An Encyclopedia.  Reference  E 77.9 .A 72 1998

Archaic Societies:  Diversity and Complexity across the  Midcontinent

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Hunters and GatherersGeneral  GN 388 .C 35 1999

The Cambridge History of the Peoples of North America:  Volume 1, North America.   General  E 77 .N 62 1996  vol.1

Chicago Area Archaeology.   General  E 78 .I 3 C 45 1983

DuPage Roots - Then and Now.  General  F 547 .D 9 T 49 2022

Encyclopedia of Prehistory.  Reference  GN 710 .E 53 2001

Hopewell in the Lower Illinois Valley:  A Regional Approach to the Study of Human Biological Variability and Prehistoric Behavior.   General  E 78 .I 3 B 85x 1976

The Moundbuilders:  Ancient Peoples of North America.   General  E 78.2 .E 2 M 55 2004

Natural Heritage of Illinois:  Essays on Its Lands, Waters, Flora, and Fauna.   General QH 105 .I 3 S 39 2016

"The Prehistoric Economics of the Kautz Site:  A Late Archaic and Woodland Site in Northeastern Illinois."  (Masters Thesis)

Stone Tools and Mobility in the Illinois Valley:  From Hunter-Gatherer Camps to Agricultural Villages.   General  E 78 .I 3 O 33 1996

Understanding Stone Tools and Archaeological Sites.   General  GN 799 .T 6 K 66 2000


Web page about early humans in Warrenville

"COD Anthropology Instructor and Warrenville Historical Society." Daily Herald , March 7, 2021.

Pyke, Marni.  "Search for the Mastodon:  Two Years Ago, 11,500-year old Remains were Found by Accident in Pratt's Wayne Woods.  Now Enthusiasts are Digging for More."  Daily Herald, August 3, 2007.

Wallace, Diana.  "25 Years Later, 'Jones' Bones' Still a Mammoth Discovery."  Daily Herald, June 21, 2002, page 3.

Northern  Illinois

Booth, Don. “The Naperville Heritage Society and the Naper Settlement Investigations of Captain Joseph Naper’s Homestead Site.” Illinois Antiquity 2011, 46 (4): 3–8.

DeFiglio, Pam.  "Digging Deeper:  Archaeologists Turn from Ancient Times  to Great - Grandma's Era, Asking,  'What was Daily Life Really Like?'."  Daily Herald, September 4, 2007.

McLeester, Madeleine, Schurr, Mark R., Sterner, Katherine M., and Ahlrichs, Robert E.  "Protohistoric Marine Shell Working:  New Evidence from Northern Illinois."  American Antiquity, July 2019, Vol.84 (3), pages 549-558.

Parker, Kathryn E. “The Archaeobotany of the Middle and Initial Late Woodland Components at the Shaw Site (11Og188).” Illinois Archaeology: Journal of the Illinois Archaeology Survey 2010, Vol.22 (2): 619–67.

Porubcan, Paula J., Geraci,, Peter  J., and Baltus, Melissa R. “The Bottlemy Site (11Mh495): An Emerging and Mature Late Woodland Occupation in Northeastern Illinois.” Illinois Archaeology: Journal of the Illinois Archaeology Survey 2010, Vol.22 (2): 580–609.

Stretton, Sean. “A Good Rim and an Interesting Date: A Des Plaines Complex Site in the Lower Fox River Drainage.” Illinois Antiquity 2017, 52 (2): 1–3.

"To Appreciate Present, Finding Past in Suburbs."  Daily Herald, November 10, 2015.

VanDerwalker, Amber M., Wilson, Gregory D., and Bardolph, Diana N.  "Maize Adoption and Intensification in the Central Illinois River Valley:  An Analysis of Archaeobotanical  Data from the Late Woodland to Early Mississippian Periods (A.D. 600 - 1200)."  Southeastern Archaeology, Vol 32 (2), pages 147 -168.

Wilson, Gregory D. “Lamb Site Lithics: Early Mississippian Stone-Tool Technology in the Central Illinois River Valley.” Illinois Archaeology: Journal of the Illinois Archaeology Survey  2015, 27 (January): 201–14.

Wilson, Gregory D., Bardolph, Dana N., Esarey, Duane, and Wilson, Jeremy J.  "Transregional Social Fields of the Early Mississippian Midcontinent."  Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 2020, Vol. 27 (1), pages 90-110.

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