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APA: Electronic Sources

E-books

Format:

Author(s) (last name, first initials). (Year of publication). Title of work. DOI or URL of ebook homepage

Example:

Ferguson, R. (2014). Inferno: An anatomy of American punishment. Harvard University Press. (2014). https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.cod.idm.oclc.org/lib/cod/detail.action?docID=3301397

Journal Articles with DOI Assigned

Format:

Author(s) of article. (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume number(Issue number), Page numbers. DOI or URL

Example:

Mahfouz, J., Levitan, J., Schussler, D., Broderick, T., Dvorakova, K., Argusti, M., & Greenberg, M. (2018). Ensuring college student success through mindfulness-based classes: Just breathe. College Student Affairs Journal, 36(1), 1-16. https://10.1353/csj.2018.0000

Tip:

Present DOIs as hyperlinks (i.e., beginning with "http://" or "https://"). If an online work has both a DOI and a URL, include only the DOI (APA Manual, 9.34 - 9.35).

Journal Articles without DOI Assigned

Format:

Author(s) of article. (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume number(Issue number), Page numbers. URL

Example:

Aviles, A. Dávila, E. & Benson, R.D. (2019). City of wind, city of fire: Education and activism in Chicago 1966-1975. The International Journal of Critical Pedagogy, 10(2), 69-96. http://libjournal.uncg.edu/ijcp/article/view/1896

Tip:

URLs in references should link directly to the cited work when possible (APA Manual, 9.34).

Magazine Articles

Format:

Author(s) of article. (Full Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Magazine, Volume number(Issue number), Page number(s). URL or DOI

Example:

Nordling, L. (2019, October 25). Codes of conduct aim to curb harassment at field sites. Science, 366(6464), 408. https://10.1126/science.366.6464.408

(APA Manual, 10.1, 15)

Note:

If you are citing an article published in an online news source (e.g. BBC News, Bloomberg, CNN, HuffPost, MSNBC, Reuters, Salon, Vox), see Webpage on a news website below.

Newspaper Articles

Format:

Author(s) of article. (Full Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. URL

Example:

Issa, N. & Wittich, J. (2019, October 27). CPS support workers make tentative deal to end strike but won’t cross teachers’ picket lines. Chicago Sun-Times. https://chicago.suntimes.com/2019/10/27/20935498/cps-seiu-73-strike-teachers-ctu-agreement-palmer

(APA Manual, 10.1, 16)

Note:

If you are citing an article published in an online news source (e.g. BBC News, Bloomberg, CNN, HuffPost, MSNBC, Reuters, Salon, Vox), see Webpage on a news website below.

Encyclopedia Articles from a Database

Format:

Author(s) of article. (Year of publication). Title of article. In Name of editor(s) (Ed.), Title of encyclopedia (Edition). Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession Number if available).

Example:

Wachal, B. S. (2007). Dred Scott case. In J. Rodriguez, Encyclopedia of Emancipation and Abolition in the Transatlantic World. Routledge. https://cod.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/sharpeeman/dred_scott_case/0?institutionId=2869

(APA Manual, 10.2, 30)

Tip:

Provide database information in a reference only when it is necessary for readers to retrieve the cited work from that exact database (APA Manual, 9.30).

Websites

Entire website

When referencing an entire website, simply include the URL in the text of the paper.

Example:

The Art Institute of Chicago website (http://www.artic.edu/aic/) includes great visuals.

 

Webpage on a news website

Format:

Author(s) of article. (Date Published, Copyright Date or Last Revision). Title of document. Name of Website. URL

Example:

Roberts, D. (2019, October 28). Wildfires and blackouts mean Californians need solar panels and microgrids. Vox. https://www.vox.com/energy-and-environment/2019/10/28/20926446/california-grid-distributed-energy

(APA Manual, 10.16, 110)

 

Webpage on a website with a group author

Format:

DuPagePads. (n.d.) DuPagePads History 1985-Present. https://dupagepads.org/about/our-history

(APA Manual, 10.16, 111)

  • URL: https://library.cod.edu/citing/apa
  • Last Updated: Aug 19, 2021 9:51 AM
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