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APA: Multimedia Sources

Audio (Podcast)

Format:

Writer or Producer. (Function). (Date produced or posted). Title of podcast or audio recording [Type of Work]. Publisher. URL

Example:

Spiegel, A., & Rosin, H. (Hosts). (2015-present). Invisibilia [Audio podcast]. NPR. http://www.npr.org/programs/invisibilia/

Rosenberg, J. (Producer). (2019, March 5). The known unknown (No. 344) [Audio podcast episode]. In 99% invisible. https://99percentinvisible.org/episode/the-known-unknown/

Images (Online)

Format:

Author or Artist if available. (Year image was created). Title of work [Type of Work]. URL

Example:

Zell, H. (2019). Los Dragos Gemelos - Breña Alta - La Palma [Photograph]. Wikimedia Commons. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/92/Los_Dragos_Gemelos_-_Bre%C3%B1a_Alta_-_La_Palma_02.jpg

Images (No Author/No Title/No Date)

Format:

[Description of image]. (n.d.). [Type of Work]. Retrieved from URL of website

Example:

[Untitled image of a chest]. (n.d.). [X-ray photograph]. http://www..heartfailurematters.org/EN/UnderstandingHeartFailure/Pages/174.aspx

 

Film or Video

Recording

Format:

Author, A. A. (Director). (Year of release). Title of work [Description]. Publisher. URL

Example:

Sciamma, C. (Director). (2014). Girlhood [Film; DVD]. Arte France Cinéma.


Tip:

The director should be credited as the author of a film. If the director is unknown, substitute producer or someone in a similar role.

It is not necessary to specify how you watched a film (e.g. in a theater, on DVD, streaming online), though you may include the format in square brackets.

(APA Manual, 10.2, 84).

TV Series or Episode

TV Series

Format:

Director, D. D. (Director). (Date). Title of work [Description]. Production Company. URL

Example:

Murphy, R. Falchuk, B. & Canals, S. (Executive Producers). (2018-present). Pose [TV series]. Color Force; 20th Television.

TV Series Episode or Webisode

Format:

Writer, W. W. (Writer), & Director, D. D. (Director). (Date). Title of episode (Season No., Episode No.) [Description]. In P. P. Producter (Executive Producer), Title of TV series. Production Company. URL

Example:

Natoli, A. (Writer), Prepon, L. (Director). (2018, July 27). Well this took a dark turn (Season 6, Episode 11) [TV series]. In J. Kohan, & T. Herrmann (Executive Producers), Orange is the new black. Lionsgate Television, Netflix Streaming Services.

Tip:

The director should be credited as the author of a film. If the director is unknown, substitute producer or someone in a similar role.

It is not necessary to specify how you watched a film (e.g. in a theater, on DVD, streaming online), though you may include the format in square brackets.

(APA Manual, 10.12)

Software & Mobile Apps

Format:

Author, A. A. (Date). Title of work (Version number if available). [Description]. Publisher or App Store. URL

Example:

Lauer, K. (1999). Pathophysiology [Computer software]. Springhouse Corp.

Linearity GmbH (2019) Vectornator X (Version 3.1.2). [Mobile app]. App Store. https://apps.apple.com/us/app/vectornator-x-vector-art/id1219074514

 

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  • Last Updated: Aug 19, 2021 9:51 AM
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