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Library and Information Technology: Reference Materials

Reference Materials

Why Reference Sources?

Is your research topic too big to cover in a short paper?  Is your topic so specific that sources will be hard to find?

Before you even begin your research, start the process with reference sources-- in the Library's Reference Section or online in our databases.  Reference books, like subject encyclopedias, can give you a head start and make your research easier in the long run.  Use reference sources to:

  • find a topic
  • narrow your topic
  • find keywords
  • get background information on your topic

The COD Library has many different types of reference resources:  in print and electronic format, and they may be broad/general or narrow/subject specific in focus and content.  Check the COD Library Catalog, the various subject Research Guides, the Reference Book databases, your local Public Library, and the Internet, to find items that might answer your questions.

Collections of Many Online Reference Books in one place:

Credo Reference     and    Gale eBooks / Gale Virtual Reference Library   and   Salem Press

Oxford Reference and Sage Knowledge Reference also have thousands of scholarly, academic articles, but they are a bit more difficult to use.   Click here to find instructions on how to use these collections of reference books.

Specific Library Science Reference Materials

Some Reference Materials at the COD Library

Almanacs                                                         

Atlases

Biographical Dictionaries

Chronologies

Dictionaries

Encyclopedias

LIBRA 1102 Introduction to Reference and Information Sources course

Specific Library Science Reference Materials

Chronology of Librarianship.   Reference  Z 665 .W 65 2009

Concise Dictionary of Library and Information Science

Dictionary for School Library Media Specialists   Reference  Z 1006 .M 43 2001

Dictionary of American Library Biography.  General  Z 720 .A 4 D 5 1978

Dictionary of Library and Information Management

Dictionary of Library and Information  Science.  Reference  Z 1006 .R 45 2004

Encyclopedia of Archival Science

Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science   Reference  Z 1006 .E 57 2010

Encyclopedia of Library History   Reference  Z 721 .E 54 1994

Encyclopedia of the Library of Congress   Reference  Z 733 .U 6 E 53 2004

Historical Dictionary of Librarianship  Reference  Z 1006 .Q 56 2014

Information:  A Historical Compendium

International Directory of Library Histories   Reference  Z 721 .I 57 2001

International Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science   Reference  Z 1006 .I 57 2013

Library and Book Trade Almanac.  Latest edition in Reference, older editions in General  Z 731 .A 47

The Oxford Companion to the Book.   Reference  Z  4 .O 89 2010

List of COD databases about Statistics

Almanacs

Almanac definition

The best way to find almanacs for subjects in the Library Catalog is to do an Advanced Search.

In  the first line, type in   almanac   and restrict the search to the Title field.

In the second line, type in a keyword, and leave it as a broad Any Field / Anywhere search.

After you press the SEARCH button, the Results List should include both general and online resources.  Most of the subject - specific almanacs will have call numbers that places the item in the appropriate subject area, and not a general broad Almanac area, which is the AY call number area.

Examples of General Almanacs

The Old Farmer's Almanac.  Latest edition in Reference, older editions in General  AY 81 .F 3 O 6

The World Almanac and Book of Facts.  Latest edition in Reference, next latest edition in General  AY 67 .N 5 W 7

Examples of Broad Subject Almanacs Examples

The Chronicle of Higher Education Almanac.  Latest Edition in Reference   LA 226 .C 55

Library and Book Trade Almanac.  Latest Edition in Reference  Z 731 .A 47

The Nautical Almanac

Examples of Narrow Subject - Specific Almanac Examples

Food History Almanac.  Reference  TX 353 .C 568 2014

Vietnam War Almanac.  General  DS 557.7 .S 94 1985

Atlases

Atlas definition

Geography Research Guide

The best way to find atlases for subjects in the Library Catalog is to do an Advanced Search.

In  the first line, type in   atlas    and restrict the search to the Title field.

In the second line, type in a keyword, and leave it as a broad Any Field / Anywhere search.

After you press the SEARCH button, the Results List should include both general and online resources.  Some of the subject - specific atlases will have call numbers that places the item in the appropriate subject area, and not a general broad atlas area.

If the catalog record indicates that an item has a location of ATLAS STAND, that is located on the Lower Level, between the staircase and the Media Lab.

Examples of General Atlases

Atlas of the United States.   General  G 1200 .G 47 2006

Atlas of the World.   Atlas Stand  G 1021 .A7545 2004

Examples of Broad Subject Atlases

The Atlas of Religion.  Reference  BL 80.3 .O 27 2007

Atlas of Science: Visualizing What We Know.  Reference  Q 177 .B 67 2010

North American Maps for Curious Minds:  100 New Ways to see the Continent

Examples of Subject - Specific Atlases

Atlas of the English Civil War

The Geek Atlas:  128 Places  where Science and Technology come Alive

Routledge Atlas of  Jewish History.   General  G 1030 .G 54 2006

Biographical Dictionaries

Biographical Dictionaries definition

The best way to find biographical dictionaries for subjects in the Library Catalog is to do an Advanced Search.

In  the first line, type in "biographical dictionary" using the quotation marks, and restrict the search to the Title field.

In the second line, type in a keyword, and leave it as a broad Any Field / Anywhere search.

After you press the SEARCH button, the Results List should include both general and online resources.  Most of the subject - specific biographical dictionaries will have call numbers that places the item in the appropriate subject area, and not a general broad biography area.

You can also find biographical entries about people in both General and Subject Encyclopedias, as well as in periodical articles.

Examples of General Biographical Dictionaries

Biography Index (1949-2011).  Ready Reference  CT  100 .B 5   (This set lists where biographical information about people can be found in books and articles.)

Current Biography Yearbook.   Reference  CT 100 .C 8

Encyclopedia of World Biography  (1998-2015).   Reference  CT  103 .E 56

(Very broad, general biographical works are found around the CT 100 call number area.)

Examples of slightly more focused, but still broad, Biographical Dictionaries

American National Biography.   Reference  E 176 .A 6 1999

(General biographical works on the USA are found around the E 176 call number area.)

Encyclopedia of World Scientists.  Reference  Q 141 .O 25 2001

(General biographical works on science are found around the Q 141 call number area.)

The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Great Britain).   Reference  DA 28 .O 95 2004

(General biographical works on Great Britain are found around the DA 28 call number area.)

Examples of subject - specific Biographical Dictionaries

Advocacy Journalists:  A Biographical Dictionary of Writers and Editors

Biographical Dictionary of Sociologists.   Reference  HM  478 .S 74 2008

Country Music:  A Biographical Dictionary

Chronologies

Explanation of Chronologies

Chronology Mind Map

Explanation of Calendars

Calendar Mind Map

Specific chronologies can also be found in monographs, dictionaries and encyclopedias (both general and subject - specific), almanacs, and atlases.  Check the Table of Contents or the Index of the work to see if a Chronology is included. Chronologies may also be found on websites.

See also the various subject - specific library research guides for more subject - specific sources.

A,Chronology of Art:  A Timeline of Western Culture from Prehistory to the Present

A Chronology of Microbiology in Historical Context

Chronology of Women's History.   Reference  HQ 1121 .O 47 1994

Chronology of World Slavery

Classical Music:  A Chronology

The Hutchinson Chronology of World History

Pan - African Chronology:  A Comprehensive Reference to the Black Quest  for Freedom in Africa, the Americas, Europe, and Asia.  Reference  E 185.18  .J 46 1996

World Epidemics:  A Cultural Chronology of Disease from Prehistory to the Era of Zika

Worldmark Chronology of the Nations.   Reference  G 133 .W 93 1999

Chronicle of the Pharaohs:  The Reign - by - Reign Record of the Rulers and Dynasties of Ancient Egypt.   General  DT  83 .C 53 1994

A Chronology of Ancient Greece

Chronology of the Ancient World, 10,000 B.C. to A.D. 799.   General  D 11 .C 57 vol.1 1994

A Chronology of the Roman  Empire

The British in America, 1578 - 1970:  A Chronology and Fact Book.   General  E 184 .B 7 F87

Chronicle of Britain, Incorporating the Chronicle of Ireland.   Reference  DA 34 .C 4 1992

Modern Irish Literature and Culture:  A Chronology.   General  PR  8718 .C 35 1993

The Oxford Chronology of English Literature.  Reference  PR 87 .C 69 2002

Chronology of European History, 15,000 B.C. to 1997.   Reference  D 11 .C 54 1997

A Chronology of European Security and Defence, 1945 - 2007

The Holocaust Chronicle.  General  D 804.25 .H 654 2000

A Political Chronology of Europe.   Reference  D 11 .P 655 2001

The Third Reich:  A Chronicle.   General DD 256.5 .O 94 2010

Chronology of American Military History

The Korean War:  An  Exhaustive Chronology.  General  DS 918 .H 336 2007

United States Air Force:  A Chronology

The United States Marine Corps:  A Chronology

The  U.S.A.F. in Korea:  A Chronology, 1950- 1953.  General  DS  920.2 .U 5U 83 2000

U.S. Foreign Policy and National Security:  A Chronology and Index for the 20th Century

Wars of America:  A Chronology of Armed Conflict in the Western Hemisphere, 1492 to the Present.   Reference E 18.75 .M 374 2008

Dictionaries

Dictionaries definition

The best way to find dictionaries for subjects in the Library Catalog is to do an Advanced Search.

In  the first line, type in "biographical dictionary" using the quotation marks, and restrict the search to the Title field.

In the second line, type in a keyword, and leave it as a broad Any Field / Anywhere search.

After you press the SEARCH button, the Results List should include both general and online resources.  Most of the subject - specificl dictionaries will have call numbers that places the item in the appropriate subject area, and not a general broad dictionary area.

You can also find definitions of words in both General and Subject Encyclopedias.  Some items with Dictionary in the title will have long entries, so that they will seem more like Encyclopedias.

Some General Dictionaries

General Dictionaries in English can be found around the PE 1628 call number area, in both the General and Reference Collections.

Visual Dictionary.   Reference  PE 1629 .U 48 2011

Webster's New World Large Print Dictionary.  General  PE 1628 .W 56365 2004

Examples of Foreign Language Dictionaries

Kapampangan Dictionary

NTC's Dictionary of Russian Cognates.   General  PG 2640 .N 37 2000

Oxford Picture Dictionary:  English - Chinese.   English Language Collection  PE 1130 .C 4 A 345 2017

Examples of broad subject Dictionaries

New Dictionary of the History of Ideas.   Reference  CB 9 .N 49 2005

The Oxford English Dictionary.   Ready Reference  PE 1625 .O 87 1991

The Oxford Illustrated Science Dictionary.   Reference  PE 1127 .S 3 O 846 2012

Examples of narrow subject - specific Dictionaries

The Dictionary of Fashion History.   General  GT 507 .C 79 2017

The Thames and Hudson Dictionary of Design since 1900.   Reference  NK 1390 .J 95 2005

Webster's New World Dictionary of the Culinary Arts.   General  TX 349 .L 33 2001

Encyclopedias

Encyclopedia definition

The best way to find encyclopedias for subjects in the Library Catalog is to do an Advanced Search.

In  the first line, type in    encyclopedia   and restrict the search to the Title field.

In the second line, type in a keyword, and leave it as a broad Any Field / Anywhere search.

After you press the SEARCH button, the Results List should include both general and online resources.  Most of the subject - specific encyclopedias will have call numbers that places the item in the appropriate subject area, and not a general broad encyclopedia area.

Examples of General Encyclopedias

Enciclopedia Hispanica.  Reference  AE 62 .E 6 2003

Encyclopaedia Britannica.  Reference  AE .5 .E 363 2005 [the last print edition]

     Overview of Encyclopedia Britannica

Wikipedia

     Overview of Wikipedia

Examples of Broad Subject Encyclopedias

The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology.   General  BF 31.E 52 2010

Encyclopedia of Business and Finance

Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine

Examples of  Narrow Subject - Specific Encyclopedias

The Encyclopedia of North American Colonial  Conflicts to 1775

Encyclopedia of Television Film Directors

Illinois Encyclopedia.   Reference  F 539 .I 45 2008

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